Radboud University

Artificial Intelligence, B.Sc.


The Bachelor's programme in Artificial Intelligence; something for you?

To come and study Artificial Intelligence you must be interested in the interaction between humans and computers. In order to build smart computers and robots, knowledge about the human brain is useful. For example, if you know how people recognise faces, you can use this knowledge to develop a passport scan. Reversely it also works: by imitating brain processes using computer models, you learn to understand the brain better. The requirements for passport photos are very strict; you shouldn’t laugh, your ears must be visible; you have to take of your spectacles and you must look straight at the camera. This is necessary because what you see at a single glance – person and photo match – is a complicated puzzle for a computer scanning the passport. People are champions in rapidly recognising and detecting patterns – independently whether it concerns faces, letters or sounds. How do they do that? And, could we teach machines this trick too? These are the kind of issues the Bachelor's programme in Artificial Intelligence tackles.
Are you interested both in people and computers? Are you able to think accurately and logically? Do you like to get your teeth into difficult assignments? Then look here to see if you meet the requirements for the Bachelor's programme in Artificial Intelligence.

Detailed Programme Facts

Programme Structure

At Radboud University in Nijmegen, you follow science subjects like mathematics and computer science, but also psychology, neurology, logic, linguistics and philosophy. With this knowledge, you develop computer models of the human cognition as well as intelligent computer programs that are able to execute tasks autonomously.

In the first year, you become acquainted with the main subjects giving you an idea about the programme and the field of study. You develop a study attitude wherein taking initiative, logical thinking and creativity occupy the centre stage. If you doubt your choice, at Radboud University it is easy to change to a related programme. As many fields come together in the Bachelor's programme in Artificial Intelligence, you can easily switch to the Bachelor's programme in Psychology with very few or no delay at all. The student advisor can help you making the right choice.


1st year courses Artificial Intelligence

KaleidoscopeIn this course you will get an idea about recent developments in the research field of Artificial Intelligence.

Mathematics 1AThe Mathematics 1A course is developed especially for Artificial Intelligence students and students of informatics. This course deals with the mathematical areas of calculus (differentiation: production and chain rule. Special functions: exp. Log, sin and cos. Minima/maxima, partial derivative, primitivation and integration, Partial integration and substitution) and enumerative combinatorics (discrete/continuous probability distribution, expected value, dispersion, conditional probabilities, Bayes rule, independence, maximal likelihood and simulation) with applications from the above fields. During the lectures, the teaching material is presented, during the working groups, the solutions of the homework assignments are discussed and new assignments can be elaborated jointly. As it is of great importance for the acquisition of mathematical skills to exercise, submission of homework as well as participation in the working groups is compulsory.

Statistics for AIIn this course, you acquire insight and skills in data analysis and you learn how to report about them using the general linear model and its special cases, as well as related non-parametric tests. Subjects that will come up are: descriptive statistics (univariance, bivariance), fundamental statistics (t-tests, sample theory), Anova (1-factor, 2-factor, repeated measures), GML (Multiple regression, Anova, Manova) and non-parametric tests.

Introduction Cognitive PsychologyThis course gives Artificial Intelligence students a clear insight into the basic concepts of the Cognitive Psychology like: perception, memory and thinking. Research in Cognitive Psychology is very important for them as understanding human intelligence is an important requisite to build intelligent machines.

Introduction Human-Computer-InteractionIt is generally known that during the design of interactive software one systematically needs to take into account the perceptual, cognitive and motor processes of the human user(s). A great amount of research has pursued how this aim can be realised. The book of Preece et al. (2015) contains a clear, up-to-date introduction into this field that finds itself on the border between technology, cognitive science and artificial intelligence. The central theme of this subject concerns the question how interactive software can be developed and how the usability and user experience of this software can be evaluated. Students will program a simple interactive system and assess its usability through so-called human factor experiments. In addition, the lectures will discuss modern developments like smart interfaces, augmented reality, perceptive systems, multi-modality, mobile systems and the consequences of these technologies for usable HCI.

Introduction RoboticsIn the lectures, (1) the basic principles and points of departure of Robotics will be discussed, (2) the three main robotics paradigms (hierarchic, reactive and hybrid approaches) of robotics will be discussed, (3) a number of important robot examples will be examined, (4) the relation between robotics and traditional AI will be indicated and (5), programming skills to program reactive robots will be taught.
During the practicals, students will work in small groups on building and programming a simple LEGO-robot for performing complex tasks, like "safeguard the eggs", "race of the champions", "search and rescue" or "expedition Robinson".
After the course, students will be able to: (1) construct and program a simple robot that is capable of performing a combination of tasks; (2) explain the main paradigms in the field of robotics; (3) explain how perception, cognition and action are interrelated in the production of intelligent behaviour; (4) elucidate the relations between the fields of robotics and (traditional) AI. The course will be finished with the traditional “roboday”, during which the students will demonstrate how well their robots perform.

Introduction Artificial IntelligenceThis course aims at giving a first impression of the field of Artificial Intelligence without entering into technical details. The following subjects will come up: What is Artificial Intelligence?, How can AI techniques be applied in an example of an existing software system?, Fundamental search techniques and their applications in the field of the above example, knowledge representation, the main languages that can be used and their applications in the example, learning through computers, the main techniques to do so, applications in the example and a number of specific applications of AI.

Formal ThinkingThis is an introductory course in mathematical logic and theoretical informatics. Various subjects from these fields of study will be introduced. The course is a preparation for the .course Claiming and Proving.

ProgrammingIn this course, programs are developed using a systematic method and implemented (in C++) using basic data types and (non-recursive) structures. In the lecture, the most important issues are explained. Possible operations and a number of ‘standard-algorithms’ are discussed and analysed for these basic types and structures. Learning to design, implement, test and where necessary, adapt algorithms will be done only in the practicals. This is an important part of this course. Practical assignments must be prepared and worked out in pairs. Assignments are both explained and discussed afterwards, mostly during a seminar.

Object OrientationObjects and their relations supply a conceptual framework that can be used for analysis as well as for design and implementation. Abstraction and Encapsulation are the main properties of the object-oriented paradigm. Through these concepts, a presentation of the behaviour and the structure of an object, independently from its realisation, can be given. This course aims at the development of object oriented programming skills. The programming language uses is Java. In this language ‘class’ is central. A class is a blueprint for the objects that exist of ‘attributes’ (the position of the object), clustered with operations (the so called ‘methods’) by which we can manipulate an object. Besides OO programming, we will also pay attention to the basics of OO analysing (OOA) and design (OOD).

Introduction to Brain and CognitionThe course Brain and Cognition that will be taught at the beginning of the 2nd semester is somewhat of an outsider in the sense that this is a branch of psychology in which – more than in the other disciplines of psychology – we look for an explanation of behaviour and cognition in biological knowledge in general and that of the brain more specifically. The behaviours and cognitions that are studied are: perception, thought, movement, learning, speaking, emotion, sleep, eating and drinking. The point of departure in this course is that cognition, normal and disturbed behaviour as studied and treated by other psychologists and psychiatrists, can be understood mainly from our knowledge about biology – and more specifically about the functioning of the nervous system and the communication within the brain. Neuroanatomic and neurophysiological knowledge are a prerequisite.
This course is well attuned to the first part of the Introduction in Psychology. It is perceived as difficult by students with a deficiency in knowledge about Biology. These students can follow a self-study course in Biology to improve their knowledge to the required level.


Are you interested in broadening your horizons? Radboud University offers you the exciting opportunity to study or do an internship abroad as part of your Bachelor’s programme. Spending time abroad during your studies is a great way to develop yourself, have exciting new experiences, and gain a competitive advantage with future employers. International experience can be valuable in many ways, and we encourage all of our students to look at the possibilities available for going abroad.

English Language Requirements

You only need to take one of these language tests:

  • Minimum required score: 6

    The IELTS – or the International English Language Test System – tests your English-language abilities (writing, listening, speaking, and reading) on a scale of 1.00–9.00. The minimum IELTS score requirement refers to which Overall Band Score you received, which is your combined average score. Read more about IELTS.

    Take IELTS test
  • Minimum required score (Grade C): 180

    The CAE test – or the Cambridge Advanced English – is an exam for applicants who wish to get a Certificate in Advanced English. To receive the Advanced certificate, test-takers must score between 142 and 210 on the Cambridge English: Advanced test. Read more about CAE.

    Note: degree programmes and applications may require a more specific minimum score for admission.

  • Minimum required score: 550

    The TOEFL – or Test OF English as a Foreign Language – offers a paper-based test (PBT). The final, overall PBT score ranges between 310 and 677, and is based on an average taken from the three test components (listening, structure, and reading). The writing part of this test is scored separately on a scale of 0-6. Read more about TOEFL (PBT).

  • Minimum required score: 80

    The TOEFL – or Test Of English as a Foreign Language – offers an internet-based test (iBT). The final, overall iBT score ranges between 0 and 120, and includes a scaled average from the four components (reading, listening, speaking, and writing). Read more about TOEFL (iBT).

Academic Requirements

You need to have received sufficient previous education in the Netherlands or abroad, proven by a diploma, and you need to be proficient in English, in some cases proven by a certificate.

Dutch educational qualifications

The Dutch educational qualifications that give direct access to the English-taught Bachelor's programme in Artificial Intelligence are:

A VWO diploma with profiles:

·Culture and Society: + mathematics A or B, or

·all other VWO profiles

and, a propaedeutic diploma Higher vocational education (HBO plus VWO-level Mathematics-A or -B (e.g. partial certificate)

Do you have a completed Dutch HBO degree (Higher Professional Education), contactp.kamsteeg@donders.ru.nl.

International educational qualifications

International diplomas will be assessed on an individual basis. If your previous education allows admission, additional conditions may apply (such as an interview or a mathematical test).

English proficiency. Students do not require English language certification if they:

  • Are a citizen of Australia, Canada (except Quebec), Ireland, New Zealand, UK, USA;
  • Completed a three-year Bachelor's programme at a Dutch university;
  • Completed a Bachelor's programme taught in English in: EU/EEA-countries, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, or USA; or
  • Completed a Master's programme at a Dutch university of applied sciences (HBO).
All other students need one of the following certificates (which may not be older than two years):
  • A TOEFL score of >=550 (paper based) or >=213 (computer based) or >=80 (internet based);
  • An IELTS score of >=6.0 with subscores not lower than 6.0; or
  • A Cambridge Certificate of Advanced English (CAE) or Certificate of Proficiency in English (CPE) with a mark of C or higher.

Tuition Fee Per Year

  • EUR 9432 International
  • EUR 2006 EU/EEA


There are various scholarships available for studying at Radboud University. Please check which scholarship is applicable in your case.

Radboud Scholarship programme

The Radboud Scholarship Programme offers a select number of talented prospective non-EU/EEA students the opportunity to receive a scholarship to pursue a Bachelor's degree at Radboud University. The Radboud Scholarship Programme is very selective and is only intended for talented students who have obtained outstanding study results and are highly motivated to pursue a Bachelor's degree at Radboud University.

Visit our programme website for more information!

StudyPortals Tip: Students can search online for independent or external scholarships that can help fund their studies. Check the scholarships to see whether you are eligible to apply. Many scholarships are either merit-based or needs-based.

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The Global Study Awards: get funded with up to £10,000 to study abroad

Together with the ISIC Association and British Council IELTS, StudyPortals offers you the chance to receive up to £10000 to expand your horizon and study abroad. We want to ultimately encourage you to study abroad in order to experience and explore new countries, cultures and languages.