“What can I Become with a Biology degree?” — a common question that might pop up in your mind if you’re thinking about starting to study a Biology programme at a university abroad.
We’re here to help you make the right study choice, so we’ve looked at some of the most popular jobs in this field and created a list to make your life easier.
Bachelor’s degrees in Biology are focused more on developing your knowledge, not your practical skills. They are a great foundation for the future and offer many job opportunities; but if you want to earn big, you’ll need a Master’s in Biology, which specialises and develops the practical skills that most employers are looking for.
According to a report from Georgetown University’s Center on Education and the Workforce (CEW), graduates with a Biology Bachelor’s earned 57,000 USD/year on average, while Master’s graduates earned 93,000 USD/year.
Let’s start by having a look at entry-level Biology jobs:
1. Pharmaceutical Sales Representative – 65,000 USD/year
- Promote new healthcare solutions created by drug companies
- Study the existing volume of dealers and seek new opportunities
- Resolve complaints received from customers
2. Environmental Scientist – 55,500 USD/year
- Work on plans, strategies, and policies that aim to reduce pollution and waste
- Collect and analyse data from air, soil, or water samples
- Examine environmental hazards that may represent a health risk
- Conduct environmental research and present your findings through detailed reports and presentations
3. High-School Biology Teacher – 49,000 USD/year
- Teach pupils about the fundamentals of Biology, also known as “the science of life”
- Create and deliver captivating Biology lessons, which hooks the students’ attention and curiosity
- Plan field trips and laboratory experiments to create an engaging and hands-on learning experience
- Monitor the evolution and performance of students through assignments, tests, and exams
4. Research Assistant – 29,000 USD/year
- Assist biological scientists during laboratory and research work
- Set up the necessary equipment, make sure everything works properly
- Learn how to analyse organics substances and start to make scientific observations under professional guidance
5. Agricultural Technician – 44,000 USD/year
- Analyse soil and crop samples to determine their quality and what nutrients are missing
- Determine what measures can be used to improve food quality without damaging or polluting the soil
- Conduct experiments and discover how to stop the spread of plant viruses
Now, let’s have a look at jobs that require a postgraduate (Master’s) degree in Biology:
6. Marine Biologist – 63,500 USD/year
- Collect sea specimens and analyse their migration patterns
- Analyse and determine how human activities impact marine life
- Collect, store, and test samples of unknown species or diseases
- Map the distribution and ranges of marine populations
7. Pharmacologist – 127,000 USD/year
- Conduct research, experiments, and test new drugs
- Analyse how and why people have different reactions — or no reactions — to various drugs and medicine
- Establish recommended dosages, find any side effects, and record findings for future reference
8. Senior Research Scientist – 103,500 USD/year
- Work with different research methods and experiments to test drugs, samples, or medical devices
- Write research proposals and secure funding by showcasing the importance of your work
- Train research assistants, share your experience and prepare them for a senior role in this field of work
9. Senior Microbiologist – 57,000 USD/year
- Research and write reports about various microorganisms, like viruses, fungi, parasites
- Analyse how these microorganisms live, develop, and their environmental impact and role
- Plan and carry out clinical trials in safe environments
10. Biotechnologist – 51,500 USD/year
- Study the genes, chemistry, and other elements of cells and organisms
- Use findings to improve the tools and methods used in industries like agriculture, medicine, or food production and distribution
- Record your insights and use them to support further scientific investigations
Benefits & disadvantages of Biology jobs
The main benefit of a career in Biology is job stability. In the US, for example, the Bureau of Labor Statistics expects Biology-related jobs to grow 7% by 2028. You’ll also be well-paid for your work, especially if you decide to graduate a Master’s or PhD. in Biology, which increases your income substantially. Postgraduates degrees also allow you to do research and come up with new Biology findings.
A big disadvantage for Biology graduates is the highly competitive job market. Employers expect future employees to have the knowledge and practical skills required for the job. This is where work experience can make a difference, which is why you should look for study programmes that either include or help you find Biology internships.
Additionally, some Biology jobs might expose you to dangerous substances or work environments. However, specialised training, protective equipment, and preventive measures reduce the risks significantly. Remember, there’s a reason for safety regulations!
Biology internships & voluntary work
There are different Biology branches, and internships are the best way to discover which one you enjoy the most. An internship programme also helps students gain valuable work experience. You’ll need it to stand out during the job application process. Some Biology degrees even include industrial placements, so check the descriptions of the study programmes to see if they match your professional goals.
If internships aren’t available, consider volunteering. You might not earn any money, but you get valuable hands-on experience. You’ll meet Biology specialists, and if you impress, they might help you find a job after graduating.
The best universities offering Biology degrees
It’s very difficult to have a Biology career without a degree in Biology. If you don’t want to make any compromises, these are some of the top Biology universities according to U.S. News:
- Harvard University, in the US
- University of Cambridge, in the UK
- University of Toronto, in Canada
- University of Copenhagen, in Denmark
- Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, in Switzerland
Should I study a Biology degree at university?
Yes, a Biology degree is a great choice if you want to understand nature and how every organism, from the smallest to the largest, fits into this huge ecosystem.
You can apply your insights and research in numerous areas (e.g. medicine, food, environmental protection) and thus make the world a better place while following your passion, earning well, and being fulfilled by your work.